is the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu" and famous for the Brahadeeswarar
Temple. The temple was constructed more than thousand years ago
by the King Rajarajan, is an architect's marvel. It is a flourishing
centre for bronze sculpture and painting.
Thanjavur was the royal city of the Cholas, Nayaks and the Mahrattas.
Thanjavur was at height of its glory during Rajaraja Cholan. The
Big Temple and the other famous temples in the district are known
all over the world. Thanjavur was the cultural capital of the
country in 1790. Thanjavur gained prominence during the period
of Chola Kings, who made it as their capital. It is known as the
Granary of the South India lying in the deltaic region of the
famous river Cauvery and criss-crossed by lengthy network of irrigation
lies to the east of Trichy and has the reputation as the "Rice
Bowl of Tamil Nadu". The Tamil University, set up recently
is situated here and is devoted to the growth of Tamil literature
and language. One of the best temples in South India, the
Brihadeeswarar Temple or the Big Temple built by the greatest
Chola emperor Raja Raja Chola, is that dynasty's finest contribution
to Dravidan temple architecture. If the Big Temple is an
ancient landmark of Thanjavur, the Tamil University a Temple
of learning could be spoken of, as its modern counterpart
with its impressive temple-like facade along with its library
housed in a circular building resembling the architectural
style of India's parliament.